Academic

Research Papers

  1. Revival of an Ancient Tradition: The Mak Yong Dance Theatre of Malaysia“. Culture Learning Institute Report (East West Centre, Honolulu), 4,3 (August 1976), pp4-5, 11&13.
  2. Barong” in Bali in Pesta Pulau Pinang. Special Publication, Penang, December 1979, pp.9.
  3. Wayang Wong” in Bali in Pesta Pulau Pinang. Special Publication, Penang, December 1979, pp.10-11.
  4. Nora Chatri in Kedah”. Journal of the Malaysian Branch, Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. IV, Part I (1982), pp.53-61.
  5. The Play of Shadows: Hindu Elements in the Malay Wayang Kulit Siam“. The India Magazine (New Delhi), Vol.3, No.1 (December 1982), pp.32-39.
  6. Mak Yong, The Ancient Malay Dance Theatre“. Asian Studies (Manila), Vol.XX (April, August, December 1982), pp.108-121.
  7. Malaysia-Singapore Drama in English: Themes and Styles” in Bruce Bennet, Ee Tiang Hong and Ron Sheppard (ed), The Writer’s Sense of the Contemporary: Papers in Southeast Asian and Australian Literature. Nedlands, Western Australia: The Centre for Studies in Australian Literature, University of Western Australia, 1982, pp.21-25.
  8. Mak Yong: The Ancient Malay Dance Theatre“. Hansa (Kuala Lumpur), November 1982, pp.8-14.
  9. Feasting of the Spirits: The Berjamu Ritual Performance in the Kelantanese Wayang Kulit Siam“. Kajian Malaysia, (Journal of Malaysian Studies, Penang), 1, 1(June 1982), pp.95-115.
  10. Buka Panggung: Theatre Consecretion Rituals in the Mak Yong Dance Theatre of Kelantan, Malaysia“. Tenggara 16 (1983), pp.55-72.
  11. Ramayana Branch Stories in the Wayang Siam Shadow Play in Malaysia” in K.R. Srinivasa Iyengar (ed). Asian Variations in Ramayana. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1983, pp.296-323.
  12. Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia“. Performing Arts (Singapore), No.2 (July 1985), pp.37-49.
  13. Parsi Theatre in Malaysia“. Sangeet Natak (new Delhi), No. 85-86 (July-December 1986), pp.5-22.
  14. Bangsawan: the Malay Opera“. Tenggara 20 (1987), pp.3-20.
  15. Thespis Among the Malays” in Proceedings, International Meeting of the Ancient Greek Drama, Delphi, 4-21 June 1985. Athens: European Cultural Centre at Delphi, 1987, pp.303-311.
  16. A Previously Unknown Version of the Ramayana from Kedah, Malaysia“. In D.P.Sinha and S.Sahai (ed). Ramayana Traditions and National Cultures Asia. Lucknow: Directorate of Cultural Affairs and Government of Uttar Pradesh, 1989, pp.131-137.
  17. Tarnishing Gold: The Feudal Hero in Contemporary Malay Drama“. In Kirpal Singh (ed). The Writer’s Sense of the Past: Essays on Southeast Asian and Australasian Literature. Singapore: Singapore National University Press Ltd., 1987, pp.34-45.
  18. The Shadow Play in Southeast Asia: Origins, General Characteristics and Performance Techniques” in The Arts (Centre for the Arts, National University of Singapore) Issue No.5, December 1997, pp.11-17.
  19. The Shadow Play in Southeast Asia: The Shadow Play Styles of the Region” in The Arts (Centre for the Arts, National University of Singapore) Issue No.6, April 1998, pp.19-24.
  20. The Malay-Indonesian Shadow Play as a Manifestation of Cultural Continuities” in Tirai Panggung. Jurnal Seni Persembahan, Pusat Kebudayaan, Universiti Malaya, Jilid 5, (2002), ms 1-16.
  21. The Continuing Significance of Epics and their Manifestations in the Arts” in Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof (ed). Reflections on Asian-European Epics. Singapore: Asia-Europe Foundation, 2004, pp.1-11.
  22. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata as Sources of Repertoire in Traditional Southeast Asian Theatre” in Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof (ed). Reflections on Asian-European Epics. Singapore: Asia-Europe Foundation, 2004. pp.302-329.
  23. Religious and Spiritual Values in Kalidasa’s Shakuntala” in Katha: The Official Journal of the Centre for Civilisational Dialogue, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Inaugural Issue, 2005. pp.21-39.
  24. Search for Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia: A Personal Odyssey” in Edwin Thumboo (ed). Perceiving Other Worlds. Singapore: Intl Specialized Book Service Inc. pp.100-110.
  25. The Shadow Play as a Continuing, Changing Tradition” in Faridah Noor Mohd Noor (Editor). Dimensions of the Shadow Play in Malay Civilisation. Kuala Lumpur: Centre for Civilisational Dialogue, University of Malaya, 2006, pp.1-16.
  26. “Islamic Elements in Traditional Indonesian and Malay Theatre”  Kajian Malaysia, Journal of the School of  Humanities, University Sains Malaysia, Vol 28, No. 1 ( 2010), pp.83-101.
  27. “Tradition and Sundering with Tradition: Mak Yong from Traditional to Tinsel Theatre and Beyond” Tirai Panggung, Performing Arts Journal, Cultural Centre, University of Malaya, Vol 10 (2010), pp.45-61.
  28.  “The Story of the Conch Shell Prince in Traditional Malay Theatre” SSEASR Journal, Vol 5 (2011), pp.21-32.

Lake Gardens
Taiping Lake Gardens

International Conference/ Seminar Papers

  • Recent Malaysian-Singapore Drama in English: Problems & Prospects“. New drama in English Conference, Canberra, Australia, 1979.
  • Ramayana Branch Stories in the Wayang Siam Shadow Play of Malaysia“. International Seminar on Variations in ramayana: Their cultural, Social and Anthropological Significance. New Delhi, 1981.
  • A Separate Truth: Themes and Styles in Contemporary Malaysian-Singapore English Language Drama“. Southeast Asian and Australian Literature Seminar, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia, 1982.
  • The Ritual Context of Traditional Malay Theatre“. Asian Theatre Festival and Conference, Manila, 1983.
  • Tarnishing Gold: The feudal Hero in Modern Malay Drama“. Southeast Asian and Australian Literature Seminar, Singapore, 1984.
  • Thespis Among the Malays“. International Meeting of Ancient Greek Drama. Delphi, Greece, 1985.
  • Preservation of Traditional Malay Theatre, with special reference to Bangsawan“. ASEAN Interaction, Australian and New Zealand Association of Arts and Sciences (ANZAAS) Festival of Science, Melbourne, 1985.
  • Preliminary Proposal for the Establishment of Community Resource Centres“. 9th National Conference of the Musicological Society of Australia, Monash University, Melbourne, 1985.
  • Sita Dewi Forsworn: An Uttarakanda Episode in the Malay Wayang Kulit Siam“. 2nd International Seminar Ramayana Conference, Bangkok, 1986.
  • A Previously Unknown Version of the Ramayana from Kedah, Malaysia“. International Seminar on Ramayana Traditions and National Cultures in Asia. Lucknow, India, 1986.
  • The Malay-Indonesian Shadow Play as a Manifestation of Cultural Continuities“. Seminar on Tradition: A Continual Renewal. New Delhi, 1987.
  • Malaysian and Southeast Asian Theatre“. Festival of Hungry Ghosts Celebration. Adelaide, 1988.
  • Search for Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia: A Personal Odyssey“. Seminar on Perceiving Other Cultures, National University of Singapore, 1989.
  • Indigenous Mythology and Traditional Malay Theatre“. International Seminar on Southeast Asian Traditional Performing Arts: the State of the Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 1992.
  • The Dewa Muda Story: its Significance in Mak Yong and Main Puteri Performances- Spiritual and Non-Spiritual“. Mak Yong Seminar, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 1995.
  • On the Possible Origins of the Malay Shadow Play and its Relationship with the Shadow Plays of Southeast Asia“. SEMEO-SPAFA Symposium on History of the Performing Arts in Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur, 1997.
  • Images of Europe in AsiaConference on Images of Asia in Europe and Images of Europe in Asia. Asia-Europe Foundation, Danish Cultural Centre, Copenhagen, 1999.
  • Preservation of Traditional Heritage: Some Challenges“. Anst
  • The Continuing Significance of Epics and their Manifestations in the ArtsInternational Seminar on Asian-European Epics. University of Malaya, 2002.
  • The Ramayana and the Mahabharata as Sources of Repertoire in Traditional Southeast Asian Theatre“. Interntional Seminar on Asian-European Epics. University of Malaya, 2002.
  • Reflections on Poetry and the Self“. Writer’s Talk. National University of Singapore. 2004.
  • The Malay Shaow Play as a Continuing but Changing TraditionInternational Shadow Play Conference. Civilisational Dialogue & Museum of Asian Art, Kuala Lumpur, 2004.
  • Ruminations on the Origins and Functins of the Mak Yong Dance Theatre” International Seminar on Asian Theatre: Tradition, Modernity and Innovation in Asian Theatre, University of Malaya, 2004.
  • “Curent State of Malaysian Puppetry“. Puppets-Facing the Interior-Memory, Recovery and Transposition: the Asian Experience. UNESCO-APPAN Puppetry Symposium and Festival. Bangkok, 2004.
  • “Malaysian Shadow PlayPerformance Studies International: PSI 10: Performance State Interrogate. Singapore Management Univeristy, 2004.
  • The 1969 Crisis as Turning Point: the Search for a Malaysian Literary Identity“. 11th Biennial Symposium on the Literatures and Cultures of the Asia-Pacific Region/ Literatures in Englishes and Their Centres: perceiving from the Inside. National University of Singapore. 2005.
  • From Kampung to Istana Budaya: transformation of Mak Yong: An Ancient Form of Malay Theatre“. International Traditional Theatre Fesival: The Moment of Insight. National Arts Academy, Kuala Lumpur, 2006.
  • “The Story of the Golden Shell Prince in Traditional Malay Theatre”. 2nd SSEASR Conference on Syncretism in South and Southeast Asia: Adoption and Adaptation. Bangkok, 2007.
  • “Tradition and Sundering with Tradition: Mak Yong from Traditional to Tinsel Theatre and Beyond”. PACIA 08, International Conference on Performing Arts as Creative Industries in Asia. Cultural Centre, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 2008.
  • “Indigenous Beliefs, Mythology and Folk Islam: The Malaysian Context, with Special Reference to Traditional Malay Theatre”. International Folklore Conference. Department of Oriya, Visva-Bharati University, in collaboration with Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, Shantineketan, India, 18-20 February 2008.
  • “Ramayana in Southeast Asian Performing Arts”. Ramayana: Ramkatha: Ankan, Manchan aur Vachan. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi, India, March 12-20 2008.
  • “Islamic Elements in Traditional Southeast Asian Theatre”. Colours of Indian Islamic Culture: Together with Faith” (Hind Islami Tahzeeb ke Rang: Aqeedat ke Sang). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi, India, 1-8 April 2008.
  • “The South Asian Impact upon Traditional Malay Theatre”. Global Congress on World’s Religions after September 11—An Asian Perspective.  Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi. January 17-19  2009.
  • “Mak yong and the Notion of Malayness”.  Imagined Communities Revisited: Identity, Nationalism and Globalisation in Asia-Pacific Literatures  and Cultures Conference.  Department of English, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, November 20-23 2009.
  • “Ramayana in Southeast Asian Traditional Theatre Performances: Adaptation  and Localization”. International Conference Ramayana: Retelling, Representation and  Reinterpretation in Asia. Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore, July 17-18  2010.    
  • “The Mak yong Dance Theatre as Spiritual Heritage: Some Insights”. Keynote Paper presented at the SPAAFA International Seminar on The Mak Yong Spiritual Dance Heritage: Seminar and Performances. Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand, September 20-21 2011. 
  • “Puppetry as a Manifestation of Cultural Traditions of a Nation”. Union Internationales de la Marionettes (UNIMA) International Seminar. SENAWANGI Jakarta, Indonesia, October 17-18 2011 . 
  • “Southeast Asian Puppetry: Convergences and Divergences”.  Keynote Paper presented at the International Seminar of ASEAN Puppetry: Tradition and Modernity. ASEAN Puppetry Association (APA) and the University of Malaya Cultural Centre, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,  November 2-3 2011.

Academic Books

  1. Ceremonial and Decorative Crafts of Penang. Penang: State Museum, 1986.
  2. Bibliography of Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1991.
  3. Panggung Semar: Aspects of Traditional Malay Theatre. Kuala Lumpur: Tempo Publishing (M) Sdn. Bhd., 1992.
  4. Dictionary of Traditional Southeast Asian Theatre. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  5. Anging Wayang: Biography of a Master Puppeteer. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism, 1997.
  6. Angin Wayang: Biografi Seorang Dalang yang Unggul. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism, 1997.
  7. The Malay Shadow Play: An Introduction. Penang: the Asian Centre, 1997.
  8. Reflections on Asian-European Epics. (ed by Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof). Singapore: Editions Didier Millet, Archipelago Press, 2004.
  9. Panggung Inu: Aspects of Traditional Malay Theatre. Singapore: National University of Singapore Cultural centre, 2004.
  10. Encyclopedia of Malaysia. Vol 8, Performing Arts. Editor: Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof. Singapore: Archipelago Press. Editions Didier Millet, 2004.
  11. Heritage of ASEAN Puppetry. Jakarta: Sena Wangi, 2013.
  12. Issues in Traditional Malaysian Culture: Singapore: Strafford, 2013; Partridge 2014.
  13. Selected Papers on Traditional Malay Theatre. (Tokoh Melayu Series). Kuala Lumpur, 2014.
  14. Puppetry for all Times: Papers presented at the Bali Seminar on Puppetry in 2013. Bali, Indonesia: House of Masks and Puppets (Rumah Topeng) and Partridge, Singapore, 2014.
  15. Indian and South East Asian Themes in Traditional Theatre. Bengaluru India: Pragati Graphics, 2015.

Monographs

  1. Muslim Festivals: Essence and Observance. Islamic Information Centre, Malayan Pakistani League, Penang, 1989.
  2. Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia: An Introduction. Penang: Cultural Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 1993. Monographs on Southeast Asian Cultures series.
  3. Mak Yong Theatre of Kelantan, Malaysia: An Introduction. Kuala Lumpur: The Asian Cultural Heritage Centre Berhad, 2011.

Literary Books

  1. Perfumed Memories. Singapore: Graham Brash Pte Ltd., 1982.
  2. Mirror of a Hundred Hues: A Miscellany. Penang: The Asian Cultural Heritage Centre, 2001.
  3. Halfway Road, Penang. Penang. Teks Publishing Company, (1982). Reprinted by The Asian Cultural Heritage Centre, Penang, 2002.
  4. Jalan Sekerat, Pulau Pinang. Penang: Teks Publishing Company, 1982.
  5. Songs for Shooting Stars: Mystical Poems. Lauriat Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 2011.
  6. Transient Moments: Selected Poems. Kuala Lumpur: The Asian Centre, 2012.
  7. The Trial of Hang Tuah the Great. Singapore: Partridge, 2014.
  8. Tok Dalang and Stories of Other Malaysians. Singapore: Partridge, 2014.
  9. The Asian Centre Anthology of Malaysian Poetry in English. (Edited by Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof). Singapore: Partridge, 2014.
  10. Suvarna-Padma, The Golden Lotus. Singapore: Partridge, 2015.
  11. Sacred Rain. Singapore: Partridge, 2015.

General Book

  1. One Hundred and One Thing Malay. Singapore: Partridge, 2015.

Chapters in Books

  1. “Traditional Teater Melayu; Satu Pengenalan”. Bab 2 Apresiasi Seni Teater Malaysia. (edited by. Said Halim Said Nong). Kuala Lumpur, Cultural Centre, Universiti Malaya, 2009, pp27-50.
  2. “Ramayana in the Malaysian Wayang Kulit Siam” in Ramayana in Focus Visual and Performing Arts of Asia. (edited by Gauri Parimoo Krishnan).  Singapore: Asian Civilisations Museum, 2010.  pp 134-143.

Entries in Encyclopedia of Malaysia, Vol 8, Performing Arts. Editor: Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof. Singapore: Archipelago Press. Editions Didier Millet, 2004.

  • Introduction pp6-7
  • Origins and History of Performing Arts in Malaysia pp10-11
  • Belief Systems of Traditional Theatre pp12-13
  • Story-telling and Elementary Theatre pp14
  • Story-telling and Solo Theatre pp15
  • Puppet Theatre pp22-23
  • Malay Shadow Theatre in Southeast Asia pp24-25
  • Wayang Kulit Siam: the Kelantan Shadow Play pp26-27
  • Wayang Kulit Siam: the Dalang, his Puppets and Stories pp28-29
  • Wayang Kulit Gedek, Melayu and Purwa pp30-31
  • Mak Yong: Ancient Folk Theatre pp38-39
  • Operatic Genres pp52-53
  • Theatre as Ritual, Ritual as Theatre pp60-61
  • Healing Performance pp62-63
  • Mak Yong as Ritual pp64-65
  • Wayang Kulit Siam as Ritual pp66-67
  • Court Patronage of the Performing Arts pp88-89
  • Mak Yong’s Court Sojourn pp94-95
  • Islam and the Performing Arts pp96-97
  • Middle Eastern Influences in Traditional Malay Theatre pp98-99
  • Malay Vocal Music pp100-101
  • Boria pp104
  • Contemporary Performing Arts pp106-107
  • Arts Organizations and their Contributions pp124-125
  • Teaching and Research in the Performing Arts pp126-127
  • Malay Films and Television Dramas pp128-129

Entries in Encyclopedia of Malaysia, Vol 12, Peoples and Traditions. Editor: Hood Salleh. Singapore: Archipelago press, Editions Didier Millet, 2006.

  • Malay Traditions (co-author with Wan Hashim Wan The) pp32-33
  • Cross Cultural Influences pp134-135
  • Common Identity and Cultural Fusion pp136-137
  • Malaysia and World Culture pp 138-139

Entries in Encyclopedia of Malaysia, Vol 14 Crafts and Visual Arts. Editor: Syed Ahmad Jamal. Singapore: Archipelago Press, Editions Didier Millet, 2007.

  • Recreational and Ceremonial Crafts pp94-95
  • Puppetry pp96-97
  • Malay Kites and Tops pp98-99
  • Chinese and Indian Religious Art and Crafts pp102-102

Entries in Encyclopedia of Malaysia, Vol 15 Sports and Recreation. Editor: Ahmad Sarji Abdul Hamid. Singapore: Archipelago Press, Editions Didier Millet, 2008.

  • Traditional Games and Pastimes pp14
  • Top Spinning pp16
  • Kite Flying pp18

Other entries in New Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

Monographs

  • Muslim Festivals: Essence and Observance. Islamic Information Centre, Malayan Pakistani League, Penang, 1989.
  • Traditional Theatre in Southeast Asia: An Introduction. Penang: Pusat Seni, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 1993. Monographs on Southeast Asian Cultures series.
  • Mak Yong Theatre of Kelantan, Malaysia:   An Introduction. Kuala Lumpur: The Asian Cultural Heritage Centre Berhad,  2011.

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